Electrolytes are electrically charged minerals that help regulate fluid balance and acid-base equilibrium in the body. They also aid in the regulation of muscle and nerve activity, as well as heart rhythm and other vital activities. A serum electrolyte test, often known as an electrolyte panel, is a blood test that evaluates the levels of the body's major electrolytes:
Sodium is a mineral that aids in the regulation of fluid levels in the body. It also aids the correct functioning of your neurons and muscles.
Chloride also aids in the regulation of fluid levels in the body. It also aids in the maintenance of a healthy blood volume and blood pressure.
Potassium is a mineral that aids in the healthy functioning of your heart and muscles.
Bicarbonate is a mineral that aids in the body's acid-base equilibrium. It also has a significant impact.
Your results will include measurements for each electrolyte. Abnormal electrolyte levels can be caused by several different conditions, including:
Acidosis, a condition in which you have too much acid in your blood. It can cause nausea, vomiting, and fatigue.
Alkalosis, a condition in which you have too much base in your blood. It can cause irritability, muscle twitching, and tingling in the fingers and toes.
No Speical Instruction needed
|Calcium Reference Range|
|Age||Male (mg/dL)||Female (mg/dL)|
|0 to 10 d||8.6−10.4||8.6−10.4|
|11 d to 1 y||9.2−11.0||9.2−11.0|
|2 to 11 y||9.1−10.5||9.1−10.5|
|12 to 17 y||8.9−10.4||8.9−10.4|
|18 to 59 y||8.7−10.2||8.7−10.2|
|Sodium Reference Range|
|Potassium Reference Range|
|0-7 days||3.2-5.5 mmol/L|
|8 days-1 month||3.4-6.0 mmol/L|
|2-6 months||3.5-5.6 mmol/L|
|7-11 months||3.5-6.1 mmol/L|
|1 year and older||3.3-5.0 mmol/L|
Type of sample to be collected