Liver function tests check the levels of certain enzymes and proteins in your blood. Levels that are higher or lower than normal can indicate liver problems. Some common liver function tests include:
Alanine transaminase (ALT)
ALT is an enzyme found in the liver that helps convert proteins into energy for the liver cells. When the liver is damaged, ALT is released into the bloodstream and levels increase.
Aspartate transaminase (AST)
AST is an enzyme that helps metabolize amino acids. Like ALT, AST is normally present in blood at low levels. An increase in AST levels may indicate liver damage, disease or muscle damage.
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)
ALP is an enzyme found in the liver and bone and is important for breaking down proteins. Higher-than-normal levels of ALP may indicate liver damage or disease, such as a blocked bile duct, or certain bone diseases.
Albumin and total protein
Albumin is one of several proteins made in the liver. Your body needs these proteins to fight infections and to perform other functions. Lower-than-normal levels of albumin and total protein may indicate liver damage or disease.
Bilirubin is a substance produced during the normal breakdown of red blood cells. Bilirubin passes through the liver and is excreted in stool. Elevated levels of bilirubin (jaundice) might indicate liver damage or disease or certain types of anemia.
8-9 Hrs fasting needed
|SGOT||The normal range for the AST test is 10 to 34 IU/L (international units per liter)|
|GGT||The normal range for GGT in blood is 0 to 51 international units/liter.|
|Total Protein||The total protein is between 6 and 8.3 gm/dL (grams per deciliter)|
|Albumin||The typical value for albumin is 3.4 to 5.4 g/dL of blood|
|Bilirubin|| In an older child or adult, normal values of direct (conjugated) bilirubin are from 0 to 0.3 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).
Normal values of total bilirubin (direct and indirect) are from 0.3 to 1.9 mg/dL.
In a newborn, higher bilirubin is normal due
Type of sample to be collected